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About Us

The Numismatic Bibliomania Society is a non-profit association devoted to the study and enjoyment of numismatic literature. For more information please see our web site at


Those wishing to become new E-Sylum subscribers (or wishing to Unsubscribe) can go to the following web page link


There is a membership application available on the web site Membership Application

To join, print the application and return it with your check to the address printed on the application. Print/Digital membership is $40 to addresses in the U.S., and $60 elsewhere. A digital-only membership is available for $25. For those without web access, write to:

Charles Heck, Treasurer
Numismatic Bibliomania Society
P. O. Box 2058,
Bluffton, SC


For Asylum mailing address changes and other membership questions, contact Chuck at this email address:


To submit items for publication in The E-Sylum, write to the Editor at this address:


Sale Calendar

Watch here for updates!

Content presented in The E-Sylum is not necessarily researched or independently fact-checked, and views expressed do not necessarily represent those of the Numismatic Bibliomania Society.


Wayne Homren 2017-03-15 full New subscribers this week include: Hawk Levy, courtesy John and Nancy Wilson; and Kevin White. Welcome aboard! We now have 6,681 subscribers.

Thank you for reading The E-Sylum. If you enjoy it, please send me the email addresses of friends you think may enjoy it as well and I'll send them a subscription. Contact me at anytime regarding your subscription, or questions, comments or suggestions about our content.

This week we open with NBS events at the ANA convention, numismatic literature in the Stack's Bowers ANA sales, three new books and a new website, updates from the Newman Numismatic Portal, notes from readers and more.

Other topics this week include the medallic works of Charles Barber, Japanese Military Certificates, medals of the 1896 Olympics, Mike Olson, upcoming auction highlights, tactile banknotes, fantasy banknotes, and a Mexican coin sculpture in China.

To learn more about numismatic bibliographies, Attinelli's Numisgraphics, Hall's Connecticut Coppers, Newlin's Early Half Dimes, Georgian numismatics, New York City transit tokens, leading coin dealers of 1895, coins that stopped a bullet, W.L. Ormsby, ungraded slabbed coins, the American Colonization Society, and a Viking "piggy bank". read on. Have a great week, everyone!

Wayne Homren
Editor, The E-Sylum

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The latest episode of the Numismatic Bibliomania Society podcast is now available for listening. It's on the NBS web site but also available elsewhere. Vice-President/Secretary Len Augsburger provided this report. -Editor

NBS PodcastNumismatic Bibliographies, with David Fanning Posted

NBS Bibliotalk podcast logo The latest episode of the NBS Bibliotalk podcast,Numismatic Bibliographies, with David Fanning is now available on the NBS website and other popular podcasting platforms such as Buzzsprout. In this installment, Lianna Spurrier, Bibliotalk producer, interviews David Fanning of Kolbe & Fanning, Numismatic Booksellers. The numismatic bibliography has a rich history, with the first such compilation published in the 16th century. Fanning covers the history of the numismatic bibliography to the present day, and discusses the strengths and weaknesses of a number of emissions along the way. Collectors invariably need lists of things to collect, and the numismatic bibliography does double duty, serving as both a scholarly resource and as a collector's checklist. Tune in for this in-depth look at the bibliophile's indispensable companion.

Link toNumismatic Bibliographies, with David Fanning on the NBS home page:


This seems like a good time to remind readers of club events at the upcoming ANA convention. Here's an update of NBS President Tom Harrison's message from earlier this month. I hope to see many of you there! -Editor

NBS logo We are excited to once again be attending the ANA World's Fair of Money in person. The Numismatic Bibliomania Society will be hosting club table #724 from Tuesday - Friday. We will be displaying some of the highlights from our all important charity auction that will be held during the General Meeting on Friday. We will also be offering NBS coffee mugs for a $25 donation to the NBS. Please stop by to say hi and share your thoughts about the NBS.

The NBS will be holding our Symposium on Thursday the 12th at 1:00 PM in room 24. The Symposium will feature a presentation by Rusty Goe who is a recognized authority on the history of the Carson City Mint and its coinage. The title of his presentation is Studying the Carson City Mint and its' Coins.

The Board meeting will be held earlier that day (Thursday the 12th) at 11:30, also in room 7.

The General Meeting will be held on Friday the 13th at 11:30 AM, again in room 7. The meeting will include the announcement of the awards for the best articles in our print journal, The Asylum and a presentation by NBS Vice President, Len Augsburger discussing the digitalization of Coin World and Numismatic News. Another highlight will be the charity auction that always provides a fascinating variety of literature. The auction is our one annual fund-raiser, so we hope you will join us to help support the mission of the NBS. Looking forward to gathering in Rosemont.

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:


There is a small but choice offering of American Numismatic Literature in the upcoming Stack's Bowers sale. Here are some selections - see lot 5214 - 5235 online. -Editor

American Journal of Numismatics Volume 1 American Journal of Numismatics Set
Lots 5215 and 5216

Lot 5215: American Journal of Numismatics Volume 1
American Numismatic & Archaeological Society. American Journal of Numismatics. Volume One, No's 1-12, complete. May 1866 to April 1867. Fine. 12.25 inches x 9.5 inches. Hardbound as one in full dark green leather. Lettered in gilt on the front cover, with gilt double ruled ornaments at the head and foot of the spine. Original green paper covers are bound in for the first ten of the dozen issues included, that of the first number having been professionally backed for support. Minor chipping and handling along many page edges, but intact and remarkably clean otherwise. The bookplate of Armand Champa is laid in.

This volume represents the beginnings of the shared published scholarship of all matters numismatic in the United States. The American Journal of Numismatics continues to this day in a second series, and the entirety of what has been published since 1866 is filled with original research, much of which remains relevant source material.

An article by Frank Van Zandt in the Fall 1993 edition of The Asylum, noted that this large paper format was not generally known to the membership at the time of publication, and not brought to light until it was referenced in a letter by collector J. Carson Brevoort, who had received a large format from Frank H. Norton, director of the A.N.S. from 1864 to 1867. He had written to the secretary of the Journal asking for future volumes in this size. The reply was that they could no longer be produced.

To read the complete lot description, see:
American Numismatic & Archaeological Society. American Journal of Numismatics. Volume One, No's 1-12, complete. May 1866 to April 1867. ... (

Lot 5216: American Journal of Numismatics Set
American Numismatic & Archaeological Society. American Journal of Numismatics. Volumes 1-35, 39, 44-46, 48-52. May 1866 to 1918. Fine to Very Fine.

Sizes vary, ranging from 11.35 inches x 7.5 inches to 11 inches x 8.25 inches. The early volumes, no's 1 to 35, are bound into 12, in half red morocco with marbled boards. Double ruled gilt ornaments line the borders of the leather. Five raised spine bands, with compartments two and six lettered in gilt. Various pastedowns and flyleaves among the volumes, some of which have had restorations of varying styles. Still, the bindings are respectably tight, and the interiors are quite clean. A well-used run clearly owned by a studious numismatist, the bookplate of George Merryweather inside each front cover. The later volumes, dated between 1904 and 1918, are hardbound mostly by year, in full maroon cloth with a simulated leather finish. Lettered in gilt on the spine. These volumes are generally Very Fine.

Though incomplete, this set includes important content from the early years of the Journal. Volume 3 in particular is most desired for its inclusion of the 1854 photograph of the first United States Mint, the famous Levick Plate of 1793 large cents, and Sylvester S. Crosby's systematic discussion of same - a foreshadowing of what he would soon accomplish in much grander form with his publishing of The Early Coins of America in 1875. The images of the Mint and the Levick plate in the presently offered volume are clear and in superb condition. Even a brief survey of the early articles yields entries of interest and fascination.

To read the complete lot description, see:
American Numismatic & Archaeological Society. American Journal of Numismatics. Volumes 1-35, 39, 44-46, 48-52. May 1866 to 1918. Fine to... (

The Numismatist. Volumes 1-6 The Numismatist. Volumes 7-19
Lots 5217 and 5218

Lot 5217: The Numismatist. Volumes 1-6
American Numismatic Association. The Numismatist. Volumes 1-6. 1888-1893. Monroe, Michigan. Dr. George M. Heath. Very Good.

8.25 inches x 6 inches. Contemporary hardbound in half red morocco with marbled boards, and matching pastedowns and flyleaves. Five raised spine bands, lettered in gilt in the second and fourth resulting compartments. Pages finished in gilt on the top edge. Housed in a custom book box by Alan Grace. Bookplate of Andrew Zabriskie inside the front cover.

As noted in our Pogue Library offering, the acquisition of the "first six" is seen by many as the crowning achievement for an American numismatic library, as these rare volumes document to a degree the birth of the American Numismatic Association and the spark of the vibrant camaraderie amongst collectors of all means that is still widely enjoyed today through its promotion. Dr. George F. Heath, of Monroe, Michigan, began the publication years before the Association was formed, primarily as a vehicle to sell some coins, but also to encourage the exchange of ideas, scholarship and goods between collectors who were far away from the major cities and, likewise, active numismatic organizations such as the American Numismatic and Archaeological Society formed in New York, in 1858.

To read the complete lot description, see:
American Numismatic Association. The Numismatist. Volumes 1-6. 1888-1893. Monroe, Michigan. Dr. George M. Heath. Very Good. (

Lot 5218: The Numismatist. Volumes 7-19
American Numismatic Association. The Numismatist. Volumes 7-19, complete. 1894-1906. Very Fine.

9 inches x 6.25 inches. Beautifully hardbound in six volumes by Alan Grace. Half blue-green calf with light green cloth boards. Blind stamped ornaments along the leather borders. Five raised spine bands with black morocco labels in the second and fourth compartments. Lettered in gilt on the spine. Pale greenish gray pastedowns and flyleaves. Original bookplates from the Carnegie Library variously pasted down or laid in upon the modern rebinding, the first two stating that that they were presented by Dr. George F. Heath. Mostly clean internally, but some issues are on acidic paper and appear aged. Some of these pages have occasional edge chips, and thumbing through the pages will reveal an occasional CARNEGIE LIBRARY punch stamp or a small "Discard" stamp. A most attractive set overall.

Provenance: From the Carnegie Library; Armand Champa; our (Bowers and Merena's) sale of the Armand Champa Library, Part I, November 1994, lot 281.

To read the complete lot description, see:
American Numismatic Association. The Numismatist. Volumes 7-19, complete. 1894-1906. Very Fine. (

Attinelli  Numisgraphics Hall Connecticut Coppers
Lots 5219 and 5229

Lot 5219: Attinelli Numisgraphics
Attinelli, Emmanuel Joseph. Numisgraphics, Or A List of Catalogues, in Which Occur Coins and Medals, Which Have Been Sold By Auction In the United States. New York. 1876. Very Fine.

11 inches x 7 inches. Hardbound in green cloth, title and date gilt on spine. Original gray paper cover chipped but professionally reinforced at the time of binding. Original back cover with a corner chip, but internally quite clean and bright beyond a penciled catalog number on the title page. A rather lovely copy of this early and important work on numismatic literature through 1875, one that would be a standard reference until John W. Adams published his work, United States Numismatic Literature, more than a century later. It is believed that perhaps only 50 copies were printed, which one might expect to have been a sufficient supply for the leading collectors of the period, though John Adams noted that the work was on collector want-lists as early as 1879. Years can pass between offerings as survivors are very rare, and a number of them are in institutional libraries. Despite its age, the comprehensive nature of the study and Attinelli's commentaries on the collectors of the day make this a central work for any serious American Numismatic Library. This one bears an illustrious provenance to the famed library of Armand Champa.

To read the complete lot description, see:
Attinelli, Emmanuel Joseph. Numisgraphics, Or A List of Catalogues, in Which Occur Coins and Medals, Which Have Been Sold By Auction In ... (

Lot 5229: Dr. Hall Connecticut Coppers
Hall, Dr. Thomas. A Descriptive List of the Coppers Issued by Authority, for the State of Connecticut for the Year 1787. Boston. 1892. About Very Fine.

10 inches x 7 inches. Original half dark brown calf with brown cloth boards. Lettered in gilt on the cover and ruled in gilt along the leather borders. Ruled gilt ornamentation on the spine, mimicking spine bands. Rough at the lower right corner tip but only minor rub otherwise. Mostly bright and clean in the interior save for minor staining in the end papers. Reinforced inside the cover joints. One small, coded pencil notation on the corner of the front endpaper. A very pleasing copy of this early and notable effort to systematically categorize the complex Connecticut coppers, by one of the leading collectors of the day. This was intended as a preliminary effort, "privately printed, for additions and corrections," to be distributed among leading collectors and friends who could contribute to making the reference more complete in preparation for a larger and more comprehensive study of Connecticuts that was never completed. Dr. Hall's manuscripts for the other dates in the series are in the collection of the Connecticut State Library. Quite scarce. It is believed that perhaps no more than 20 copies were produced and that maybe half survive. This brought just shy of $2,000 in our (Bowers and Merena's) March 1995 sale.

To read the complete lot description, see:
Hall, Dr. Thomas. A Descriptive List of the Coppers Issued by Authority, for the State of Connecticut for the Year 1787. Boston. 1892. A... (

Large Format Hickcox Newlin on Half Dimes
Lots 5230 and 5234

Lot 5230: Large Format Hickcox
Hickcox, John H. An Historical Account of American Coinage. Albany. Joel Munsell. 1858. Five Plates.

10.25 inches x 7.25 inches. Original three-quarter black morocco with marbled boards, and matching pastedowns and flyleaves. Ruled in gilt along leather borders. Five raised spine bands, each ruled in gilt, with resulting panels bordered in gilt ruling as well. Title, author and date in gilt on spine. Large bookplate of Hickcox in the center of the inside front, with John J. Ford's sticker at upper left and his cost code penciled in at the upper right of the first endpaper. Minor rub on the edges. A lovely copy of this very rare edition, one of only five large-format copies produced, while just 200 were printed of the smaller format. This bears a manuscript presentation inscription from Hickcox to Jeremiah Colburn, at Albany, July 24, 1858. Colburn was an important Boston collector and a founding member, in 1860, of the Boston Numismatic Society. A lovely copy of this rare format with excellent historical numismatic ties.

To read the complete lot description, see:

Hickcox, John H. An Historical Account of American Coinage. Albany. Joel Munsell. 1858. Five Plates.

Lot 5234: Newlin on Half Dimes
Newlin, Harold P. A Classification of the Early Half-Dimes of the United States. Philadelphia. John W. Haseltine. 1883. 24 pages, with two heliotype plates. Very Fine.

9.75 inches x 8 inches. Original hardbound in maroon cloth, lettered in gilt on front cover with blind-stamped linear frames bordering both covers. Minor fading of the spine, and slight fraying at the head and foot of same. Matte brown pastedowns and flyleaves. Internally quite clean, with only minor handling. The rarer 24-page edition with two black and white heliotype plates at the back, facing, with a tissue guard. A very rare original of this early half dime study that was limited to 100 copies, as noted on the title page. It is believed that just 40 of those original 100 were issued with the plates. John Haseltine sold Newlin's collection in April 1883, a sale catalog issued without any plates, as those prepared were deemed to be of insufficient quality. This edition of Newlin's monograph includes those prepared plates, creating an important record of his holdings. An extra page was added to the plated edition, page 24, which keyed the plates to the auction, along with prices realized for each of the imaged coins.

To read the complete lot description, see:
Newlin, Harold P. A Classification of the Early Half-Dimes of the United States. Philadelphia. John W. Haseltine. 1883. 24 pages, with t... (

Garrett Mid-American E-Sylum ad06b Buying


Demetrius Siatras of Athens, Greece writes: "After months of inactivity because of the pandemic, we are back presenting some recent titles." -Editor

Catalogue Of Georgian Numismatics T. Dundua & G. Dundua
Catalogue of Georgian Numismatics

Athens, 2021. In English. Soft cover, 29 cm, 400 pp., ill.; net weight 1600 gr. ISBN: 978-618-84558-1-8, EUR 96.- Illustrated catalogue of all the coins struck in the region of Georgia up to the 30's of the 19th century, including Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman coins.

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Catalogue Of Georgian Numismatics sample page1 Catalogue Of Georgian Numismatics sample page2

The Myron Hoard Jean N. Svoronos

Athens, 2019 (released 2021). In English. Soft cover, 24 cm, 200 pp., ill. (20 plates with 264 coin images). ISBN: 978-618-84558-0-1, EUR 64.- Presents the finds of the Myron hoard, found in Thessaly in 1914. First publication in Greek (Archaeologicon Deltion 1916).

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The Myron Hoard sample page1 The Myron Hoard sample page1

LATE SELEUCID MINTS Edward T. Newell (1886–1941)

Athens, 2019 (released 2021). Re-edition of a classical work with new typesetting. Edited and published by Demetrius Siatras. Soft cover, 24 cm, 136 pp., ill. (17 plates). ISBN: 978-618-82459-9-0, EUR 52.-


For more information, see:

Kolbe-Fanning E-Sylum ad 2020-05-17


Here's the press release for a new website cataloging New York City transit tokens and related tickets and ephemera. -Editor

Web catalog and price guide for NYC Tickets, Tokens, Transfers and Passes

The Catalog of fiscal Ephemera & Exonumia from Transit Companies of the City of New York has been released.

Developed by Philip Goldstein with the assistance of George Cuhaj, both life-long enthusiasts, the site is divided into twelve chapters which highlight the various fare payment systems starting with the 1830s introduction of horsecars and omnibuses, elevated railways, subways and busses up to the introduction of the MetroCard.

Illustrated with over 200 images of tokens, 575 tickets, 550 passes and 1250 transfers this is the largest reference of its kind all placed within a historical context. Pricing guidelines are also included. Contact information for questions and contributing additional items is presented on the page.

Bridge material is hosted on a sister site, Ferry and MetroCard material is not included.

The site is being launched on July 25, 2021, the 68th anniversary of the introduction of the 16mm NYCTA token for the 15-cent fare.

HAppy Birthday New York City Transit Token

The site is hosted on the popular Train Web site and can be accessed by this url:

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DOROTHY C. BABER (1920-2021)

Hobby stalwart Dorothy Baber has passed away at the age of 101. This obituary was published online just today. -Editor

Dorothy C. Baber 101 years and 66 days and she was gone. Dorothy C. Baber died peacefully at her home of 63 years in El Cajon with family and friends around her on Thursday, July 15, 2021. Dorothy was born May 10,1920 in Junction City, Kansas to Berniece Pelsma and George W. Carson. She was the first of three children being joined by siblings Berniece (Scott) and Ralph, both of whom predeceased her.

Dorothy lived her childhood and youth in Kansas before migrating with husband Al Baber and toddler daughter Jean to California in 1941. During WWII Al was serving in the South Pacific and Dorothy was like many other wives keeping the home and raising their three children, including son Larry and daughter Vicki. Dorothy lived in San Diego until 1958 when she moved to her current home El Cajon. Dorothy was at the vanguard of women when she entered the workforce full time in 1950 working at Consolidated Aircraft, which became Convair then General Dynamics. She continued working spending the last 14 years of her career working as a court room clerk for the County of San Diego Municipal Court in El Cajon.

At the court she became the go-to trainer for new judges, teaching them the ways of the courtroom from their new side of the bench. After retiring Dorothy continued to work as a part time fill in clerk for several years and then spent more than 20 years working as a volunteer at the information desk. She made countless friends during her years working in the court.

In the late 1950's Al developed an interest in coin collecting. As his interest in numismatics grew, Dorothy decided she did not want to become a "coin widow" and dived right into the hobby. Although she never personally became a huge coin collector, she was active working with many local, State and national coin clubs in supportive roles for the hobby. As a result of her work in support of the numismatic hobby, Dorothy was honored with many awards. Awards from The American Numismatic Association (ANA), which she has been a member of since 1968, include The Great Ladies of ANA Award in Memory of Faye Rochette 1982, Medal of Merit 1988, Outstanding District Delegate 1990, Farran Zerbe Memorial 1995, Glenn Smedley Memorial 1995, Presidential 1997, Century Club 2003, Lifetime Achievement awarded to the Baber family 2003, and just last year the Elvira Clain-Stefanelli Award. She was also highly active in the Tokens and Medals Society (TAMS) and was their secretary for twenty years and served as their president. In addition she was the President of the California State Numismatic Association for 2 terms and served on numerous numismatic organizations throughout San Diego county.

Through all these activities Dorothy always liked to stress that she "collected friends" and that she did. Traveling was in Dorothy's blood, in her younger years it consisted of the major trip she took to emigrate from Kansas to California at the age of 21 and then regular road trips to visit family in Kansas. But once the children were grown, she traveled continually. She visited numerous cities within the USA, around the world and almost anywhere a cruise ship would take her, with a total of 38 cruises. She never could pin down one destination that was her favorite, but she did cruise through the Panama Canal seven times. Dorothy was preceded in death by her husband of 61 years Albert Baber and granddaughter Maria Stalnaker. She was the matriarch of five generations and is survived by son Larry Baber (Cecilia) and daughters Jean Baber (Clifford Hetz) and Vicki Sue Owens, plus their progeny numbering in the 90's.

To read the complete obituary, see:
Dorothy C. Baber (

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:
NOTES FROM E-SYLUM READERS: NOVEMBER 8, 2020 : Dorothy Baber Votes (

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Newman Numismatic Portal intern Garrett Ziss provided the following article based on recently added digital content. Thanks! -Editor

Last week's NNP E-Sylum article highlighted the business relationships the United States Mint had with coin dealers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. According to National Archive correspondence, the Mint released a list ofleading coin dealers in 1895. Not only did these dealers provide numismatic items for their clients, but at least three of them also advanced the study of numismatics: Charles Steigerwalt, Lyman Low and John Colvin Randall.

1794 S-37 Discovery Coin O 1794 S-37 Discovery Coin R

Charles Steigerwalt was a Lancaster, Pennsylvania coin dealer, auctioneer, and collector. One of his most notable achievements was the discovery in 1900 of a new 1794 cent variety, the Hays-59 (Sheldon-37). Known as the Steigerwalt Variety, it is the rarest Sheldon variety of 1794. The discovery specimen (shown above) currently resides in the American Numismatic Society collection. Steigerwalt also purchased the famous William Wallace Hays collection of 1794 large cents, which Hays and Ed Frossard referenced when writing their 1893 book, Varieties of United States Cents of the year 1794.

Lyman Low 1886 Hard Times Token Pamphlet Lyman Low's passion for coin collecting led him to start his own business in 1880 in New York City, although from 1887 to 1896 he managed the Numismatic Department at the Scott Stamp and Coin Company. Low published his first work on Hard Times tokens in 1886, in the form of a fixed price list that focused on political tokens. He enthusiastically gathered additional material, much of it from primary sources, and published an expanded reference in 1899 that included information on store cards. In 1906 he updated this Hard Times token reference with a supplement in the American Journal of Numismatics.

John Colvin Randall operated a successful coin business within walking distance of the Philadelphia Mint and was also an avid collector. Even though he was not formally recognized as a contributor, Randall provided a substantial amount of research for the Type Table that John W. Haseltine published in 1881. This work was the first die marriage reference for early U.S. quarters, half dollars and dollars. Included within an auction catalog and usually cited as the Haseltine Type Table, it was the pre-cursor to later denomination-specific works by Browning, Beistle and Bolender.

Image: 1794 S-37 1c EAC AG3, Discovery Coin. (Image Courtesy of the ANS)

Image: Title Page of Lyman Low's 1886 Descriptive Catalogue of Hard Times Tokens Issued For and Against the United States Bank and With Reference to the Financial Troubles of 1834-1841.

Link to the Mint's list of leading coin dealers:

Link to Varieties of United States Cents of the Year 1794:

Link to Lyman Low's 1886 catalogue of Hard Times Tokens:

Link to the Haseltine Type Table:

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:


RENAISSANCE OF AMERICAN COINAGE: Wizard Coin Supply is the official distributor for Roger Burdette's three volume series that won NLG Book of the Year awards for 2006, 2007 and 2008. Contact us for dealer or distributor pricing at


These are selections from the David Lisot Video Library that feature news and personalities from the world of coin collecting. David has been attending coin conventions since 1972 and began videotaping in 1985. The Newman Numismatic Portal now lists all David's videos on their website at:

Here's one on the medallic works of Charles Barber. -Editor

Medallic Works of Charles Barber

Lawrence P. Baber Presented at the Florida United Numismatists in 1996. Charles Barber designed some of America's most famous coins. Learn about other numismatic works that helped insure this great sculptor's place in history. Lecture with slides.

Speaker(s): Lawrence P. Baber.

The video is available for viewing on NNP at:

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The American Numismatic Association will be offering certain events at next month's convention via Facebook livestreaming. -Editor

2021 World's Fair of Money Livestreaming

Can't Attend the World's Fair of Money? Join Us from Home!

The ANA will be livestreaming select activities and events during the convention to the ANA's Facebook page ( The schedule for livestreamed events is as follows:

Monday, August 9

• TBD Tour of The Tyrant Collection display (Check for updates on the time.)

Tuesday, August 10

• 8:30 am CT Ringing of the bell from the SS Central America (aka, the "Ship of Gold") with Robert Evans

• 12:30 pm CT Opening Ceremony

Thursday, August 12

• 3 pm CT Highlights from the ANA's Member & Awards Celebration

Friday, August 13

• 10 am CT Meet & greet with Benjamin Franklin & Abraham Lincoln impersonators

• 7 pm CT Highlights from the ANA's 130th Anniversary Awards Banquet

Attend World's Fair of Money Presentations on Zoom

These presentations provide members a forum in which to share their views and research with fellow hobbyists. The numismatic lectures are presented each year at the World's Fair of Money and the National Money Show and are free to attend.

To register for a presentation, click on course names below.

German Notgeld: The World's First Art-Backed Currency
August 12, 10 am CT

Virtus and Victoria: Coins Relating to the Severan War Against the Tribes of Caledonia
August 12, 11 am CT

The Romanticizing of the American Indian As Shown in Designs Chosen for U.S. Coinage & Currency
August 12, 3 pm CT

Solving the Mysteries of the Gaku Ichibu
August 12, 4 pm CT

For more information, see:

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Recently Jerry Fochtman asked about the image of Registrar S.B. Colby on a U.S. government bond. Chris Steenerson supplied this response. -Editor

Image of S.B. Colby,

That type of portrait coupon was used on the Consolidated Five-Twenty Coupon Bonds of 1864.

1864 Consolidated Five-Twenty Coupon Bond

They were dated July 1, 1865, July 1, 1867, August 15, 1867 and July 1, 1868.

Coupon bonds were issued in $50, $100, $500, and $1,000 values. (Registered bonds, $50, $100, $500, $1,000, and $5,000).

Interest 6 per cent; payable 1st of Jan. and July. All bore the engraved signature of S.B. Colby.

Jerry's image appears to be an unused essay as it is blank where date goes. Colby did not appear on issued bonds.

Thanks! Colby did NOT actually appear on any issues of U.S. government bonds - that we know of, anyway. Here are some additional images Chris was able to provide. -Editor

1864 Consolidated Five-Twenty Coupon Bond $100, $500, $1000 values
The $100, $500, and $1,000 values

1864 Consolidated Five-Twenty Coupon Bond $15

Chris adds:

"Only his signature appeared. I am not sure that the unused portrait is even Colby. His signature was on all four values. Jerry might have assumed it was Colby by the signature."

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:
: Query: S.B. Colby Image on U.S. Government Bond (


Frossard's Essay on Coin Collecting
Frossard An Essay on Coin Colecting 1876
Bill Eckberg writes:

"The late 1800s were by no means the first time the Mint gave special access to certain coin dealers. A largely forgotten piece by Édouard Frossard, writing in 1876 tells the story. (Frossard, Édouard. 1876. An essay on coin collecting. The Coin Collector's Journal p.193.)

"During the last fifteen years the vein of collecting coins has greatly increased in the United States. Before that time there were collectors, men of note, perseverance and genius, like Dr. M. W. Dickeson, Edward Maris, J. J. Mickley, and a few others, whose opportunities for collecting the various issues of Colonial and old mint pieces have not since been equalled. Had it not been for the spirit of research of these gentlemen, at a time when old American coins were sent to the United States mint for recoinage by the thousand, many rare varieties of Colonial coins would have been utterly lost to us. The facilities extended those gentlemen by a liberal mint government enabled them to handle thousands of coppers, and to select from the mass such specimens as they considered worthy of preservation."

"Perhaps we can criticize theliberal mint government" for this preferential treatment, but if it hadn't been done, 18th century cents, half cents and colonials would probably be rare enough as to be difficult or impossible to collect."

Quite true. Thanks. -Editor

To read the issue on the Newman Numismatic Portal, see:
Coin Collector's Journal, vol. 1 (

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:

Website Name Origin Stories:
Bill Eckberg writes:

"When Early American Coppers first tried to set up our website, we tried to get There was some other organization (I don't recall what it was, and their website isn't operative today) that had that, so we went with I'm not sure why thes" was added - probably to indicate the social nature of the club - but ever since, many refer to the club as the Early American Coppers Society, which has never been the club's name. Officially, we are Early American Coppers, Inc."

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:
Website Name Origin Stories (

Lincoln Lookalike?
Ken Spindler writes:

"Doesn't Lincoln look a lot like Bill Murray in this?"

Sothebys Zabriskie sale cover Bill Murray closeup

Who you gonna call? Slavery busters!! -Editor

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:

WWI Soldier's Coins That Stopped a Bullet
Dave Wnuck writes:

"I was procrastinating by reading (as I often do) and I came across this:"

WWI soldier pocket coins stop bullet
Coins that stopped a bullet lined up

Cool. I saw this myself on Quora recently. We'd discussed these coins back in 2018 here in The E-Sylum. The photo had originally been posted on Reddit by the soldier's great-grandson. Three of the coins are from Belgium and three are from France. -Editor

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:

On Examining Precious Documents
Levin Messick writes:

Handling archival document "When examining precious documents I would recommend a face mask (everybody should have some of those on hand now) as well as cotton gloves. I am amazed that the archivists would allow anyone not to take these precautions. I have also watched coin dealers closely examining and handling uncirculated coins and paper money while eating and chewing on food greasy and otherwise."

It's a good thing that many people now have a supply of masks handy. They can come in handy on occasion for many non-health reasons. -Editor

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:
LOOSE CHANGE: JULY 18, 2021 : Please, Don't Sneeze (

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Howard Daniel submitted this note in response to an auction lot discussed in last week's issue. Thanks. -Editor

Japanese currency and invasion money

The item; Japanese Currency and Invasion Money, in your last E-Sylum, was of interest to me because it includes at least one piece in the lot in the upcoming Holabird America sale that was issued in Burma during World War II. I am now working on the 1st edition of my Myanmar (Burma) Coins & Currency catalog and there is a chapter in it covering the issues of WWII.

Many, many years ago, ConradNiel Nielsen asked me to visit his home south of Salt Lake City, Utah and I flew out to see him. Most of the time with Niel was him encouraging me to write a Burma catalog which includes the World War II issues. I agreed and Niel then gave me a stack of his relevant file folders. The files were extensive but Niel somehow missed giving me all of them. From that time to now, I have been accumulating more information and images about the timeframe in Burma's history until there was enough to start working on the catalog. The chapter in the catalog is dedicated to Niel and he is likely very happy on theother side as it was called during my time in the Army. He would also be very happy that I have many contributors assisting me.

One of the important contributors is Joseph E. Boling, who has vast knowledge about this area and especially about the Allied counterfeits. The other important person is Kazuya Fujita, who has sent official information to me from the Japanese Archives. One of the pieces of information from him has the Japanese Invasion Money (JIM), as we have been calling it, being officially named Japanese Military Certificates or JMC. I am not sure many numismatists will change over from JIM to JMC but I am sure many advanced collectors and some dealers will be interested in knowing their official name.

Japanese Invasion Money Burma Quarter Rupee front
Japanese Invasion Money Burma Quarter Rupee back

The earliest issued JMC specimen 1/4 Rupee note is very rare and courtesy of Heritage Auctions. The D-S204a is my catalog number for it. If any of your readers who own a Pick-Unlisted Burma JMC which might not be known to me, please contact me at HADANIEL3@MSN.COM.

To read the complete article, see:
NUMISMATIC NUGGETS: JULY 18, 2021 : Japanese Currency and Invasion Money (

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Here's another entry from Dick Johnson's Encyclopedia of Coin and Medal Terminology. I added some Love Token images. -Editor

Face Milled. A smoothed or flattened surface, milled or planed or ground off; said of a medallic or numismatic item in which one or both sides have been smoothed off to be engraved with a new design and/or lettering. Usually it is the reverse which is face milled with the obverse of the coin or medal left intact. All love tokens are so smoothed before they are engraved. It is easiest to remove all relief, including the border, until an absolutely flat surface is obtained across the full flan – it is also possible to face mill both sides, in a sense to make a blank from a struck piece. In rare instances only the relief is ground off one side leaving the raised border intact. Face milling is also done for some hand punched items, very infrequently for counterstamping.

Papa and Mama Love Tokens on dimes front

Papa and Mama Love Tokens on dimes back

To read the complete entry on the Newman Numismatic Portal, see:
Face Milled (

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Last week Pete Smith proposed giving an E-Sylum Smarty-Pants Award to the first correct response to this question: Who won the first gold medal at the 1896 Athens Olympics? -Editor

Michael Kodysz writes:

From a Google search: "On 6 April 1896, the American James Connolly won the triple jump to become the first Olympic champion in more than 1,500 years."

Bob Steinberg came up with that answer, too. -Editor

Bruce Bartelt writes:

"The first 1896 Olympic gold medal was won by Robert Garrett, son of T. Harrison Garrett."

Chriss Hoffman writes:

"From my understanding there was no gold medal awarded at the 1896 Olympics in Athens, First place winners received a silver medallion from the King George of Greece, an olive branch and a diploma.

Second place finishers received a copper medallion, a laurel branch and a diploma

Third place finishes received nothing.

So nobody won a gold medal in the 1896 Athens Olympic games. The medals we know today for first, second and third place in events started in 1906 also held in Athens, Greece."

Thanks everyone. Looks like Chriss is our E-Sylum Smarty-Pants Award winner for this week. Here's Pete's article. -Editor

1896 Olympics Silver medal obverse 1896 Olympics Silver medal reverse
Athens 1896 Olympics Silver 'First Place' Winner's Medal

Last week we posed this question: Who won the first gold medal at the 1896 Athens Olympics? The correct answer is no one. At the Athens Olympics, winners received silver medals. Gold medals were not presented until eight years later at the 1904 Olympics in St. Louis.

Garrett. Robert The History of United States Coinage as Illustrated by the Garrett Collection was written by Q, David Bowers. On page 96 it reports,Robert Garrett … entered the discus throw competition at the Olympics, held in Athens in 1896…. In spite of having no previous competitive experience, he won the discus throw and became the first American to capture a gold medal in the Olympics. The true story is somewhat different.

Robert Garrett was a star athlete at Princeton and one of fourteen American men who travelled to Athens for the event. They were up against mostly European competitors and about 169 from Greece. American athletes came from Harvard, Princeton and the Boston Athletic Association. There were no Olympic trials and no government or corporate funding.

James B. Connolly was forced to withdraw from Harvard when the school would not grant him a leave of absence to attend the Olympics. In the first final of the games, he won the triple jump (hop, skip and jump) to become the first Olympic winner since ancient times and the first American winner.

The discus was the second event with eleven participants. Garrett had not seen an Olympic discus before he arrived in Athens. His first two throws were awkward and ineffective. His third throw sailed to first place in an upset victory over mostly Greek competition. He later took first place for the shot put and second in two other events.

Garrett tried to defend his title in 1900 but all of his throws hit trees. Apparently, no one noticed the trees when selecting the site. Garrett outlived his teammates. Upon his death in 1961 he was declared,the last of the first American Olympians.

Robert Garrett inherited a coin collection from his father, T. Harrison Garrett, in 1888. In 1919 he traded the collection to his older brother, John Work Garrett, for art objects.

Bowers tells how the Garrett collection was stored in vaults at Robert Garrett & Sons. In 1902 the company moved to the sixteen story Continental Building, the tallest building in Baltimore. In February 1904, a 30-hour fire raged through downtown Baltimore destroying 1500 buildings and the contents of the Continental building but the structure survived. The building has been renamed One Calvert Plaza and is three blocks north of the inner harbor and the Baltimore Convention center.

Garrett lost some 17th century English tokens and early medals in the fire. Fortunately, he had moved the bulk of the collection to Princeton just weeks before the fire. Garrett was a caretaker for the collection but did not build the collection as much as his father or his brother. John Work Garrett donated the collection to Johns Hopkins University. Perhaps some smarty-pants E-Sylum reader will know what happened to the collection from there.

Thanks. Great story. This week an example of the silver medal from the 1896 games was sold for a record price. Image shown above. -Editor

A rare first-place medal from the first modern Olympic Games has sold for more than $180,000.

Boston-based RR Auction said Friday that the winning bidder for the silver medal from the 1896 games in Athens, Greece, was a collector based on the East Coast. The company estimated before the auction that the first place medal could fetch about $75,000.

At the inaugural Olympiad, first-place winners were awarded silver medals and second-place finishers earned bronze, the auction house said. There was no award for placing third.

“Any winner's medal from the historic debut of the 1896 Olympic Games remains exceedingly rare, said Bobby Livingston, RR Auction's executive vice president.

To read the complete article, see:
Rare medal from first modern Olympics fetches over $180,000 (

To read the complete lot description, see:
Athens 1896 Olympics Silver 'First Place' Winner's Medal (

Next up? Pete Smith offers an E-Sylum Smarty-Pants Award for the first correct response to this question: What member of the ANA Numismatic Hall of Fame won an Olympic medal? -Editor

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:

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Susan Bremer of Heritage published the second of a series of articles about engraver, author and publisher W.L. Ormsby. It appeared in the July 22, 2021 issue of the Heritage Currency News email. -Editor

W. L. Ormsby Part II of W. L. Ormsby's story is one of creative and mechanical achievements. Although most well known as a banknote engraver with a questionable reputation, W.L. Ormsby was a prolific inventor with twenty-four inventions to his credit. His inventions were all based on his fixation with anti-counterfeiting measures for currency.

Ormsby invented a machine called a grammagraph. The grammagraph machine is used to copy medals, medallions and scenes onto banknote dies to give the illusion of bas relief, a method wherein the depth of the engraving from the side does not reveal the subject but looking at the item from the front gives the complete picture. Bas relief is most commonly used on coins. The grammagraph was eventually used as a pantographic engraving machine, which produces roll-die engraving on metal. In conjunction with Samuel Colt of Colt Firearms, this method was used on the cylinders of the Colt Walker pistol as well as several others. Ormsby contributed a half dozen engravings which were used on the cylinders of the pistols, including Rangers and Indians, the Second Texas Navy and Battle of Compeche, and Stagecoach Hold-up. Originally, intended as a method of counterfeit deterrence, this invention opened another avenue to success for Ormsby.

Ormsby revolver cylinder engraving
The Historic and Important Deluxe Engraved Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver
Presented to Gunsmith Anson Chase from the Inventor, Colonel Colt

Ormsby received a patent in the 1800s for a roller-die transfer press. The roller-die transfer press is actually the third step in the process of creating a roller die. The first of these steps is engraving of the steel plate, next the hardening of the steel plate, and lastly the use of high pressure to transfer the engraving to the roller-die. This method would be used by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing for many years to come. The invention of the roller-die transfer press contributed to Ormsby's thought processes regarding the anti-counterfeiting ability of a single plate note. The Morrisania Bank is the only example known of an institution using a single plate printing.

Morrisania Bank proof note
Very Rare and Ornate Morrisania Bank "One" Proof Exemplifies
the Intricacies of W.L. Ormsby's Engraving Techniques

Ormsby sample sheet Other anti-counterfeiting inventions by Ormsby included a ruling machine and geometric lathe for engravers. Engravers use these machines for both currency design and execution. The machines allowed for exact duplication that counterfeiters would have a difficult time emulating. These types of machines are still in use at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing today.

Ormsby's obsession with anti-counterfeiting measures becomes obvious as one learns more about his inventions, making the soiling of his reputation with accusations of being personally involved in several counterfeiting schemes more questionable. Part III of our discussion of the life and works of W. L. Ormsby will continue to explore his counterfeit deterring efforts and the scandalous fight against professional slander that came upon him towards the end of his career.

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:


With this week's anniversary of the 1969 Apollo moon landing, the Des Moines Register published an article about Michael Olson and his work on the U.S. Mint's Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee leading to the Apollo 11 50th Anniversary commemorative coin. Here's an excerpt - see the complete article online. -Editor

Mike Olson with Apollo 11 coin designs

A Pella man has been recognized for pioneering efforts to see Congress authorize an Apollo 11 50th Anniversary commemorative coin.

Michael Olson was awarded the U.S. Mint Director's Award earlier this year for proposing the mints issue the coins in honor of the 50th anniversary of the moon landing after the Apollo 11 mission launched July 16, 1969, landed the Apollo Lunar Module on July 20, 1969, and returned to Earth on July 24, 1969.

The coin was issued in 2019 and has won several accolades, including the prestigious 2021 Coin of the Year award.

"What makes the 2019 Apollo 11 50th anniversary 5-ounce silver proof coin unique is that it is the only U.S. coin of that size to be struck in a concave/convex fashion," OIson said. "In other words, it is not flat."

Olson currently works at the Lincoln Savings Bank in Grinnell as a commercial lender, leading government relations. He is an alumni of the University of Northern Iowa and also a retired Iowa Army National Guard lieutenant colonel.

In 2009, Olson was appointed by the Treasury Department to one of the four Congressional leadership seats on the U.S. Mint's Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee, which is tasked with recommending themes and designs for all U.S. coins and Congressional gold medals. It was in 2014, during his tenure on the CCAC, that Olson proposed the idea for the coin.

"Just prior to heading to Washington, D.C., for one of my final Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee meetings in 2014, I watched the movie 'Apollo 13' for what was probably the 20th time," Olson said. "And it occurred to me that the 50th anniversary of the moon landing was coming up in 2019. I made a proposal to the committee to include this recommendation in the annual report and it passed unanimously."

Mike Olson Mint Director's Award

The journey wasn't so simple, though.

The Coinage Act of 1792 stipulates that the U.S. Mint requires Congress to pass a bill in order to authorize the making of a coin. Previous bills to honor the 25th anniversary of the Moon landing and NASA's 50th anniversary failed. Yet after tenacious lobbying, the legislation, which was introduced in 2015, passed without opposition and was signed into law in December 2016.

"Having been involved with the Iowa Bankers Association in their government relations efforts definitely gave me the tools I needed to get the ball rolling," Olson said. "But I never imagined how hard it would be to get it done."

To read the complete article, see:
Pella banker awarded for pioneering efforts to see Congress authorize 2019's Apollo 11 commemorative coin (

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Earlier this year we published an excerpt from a PAN Clarion interview with Lianna Spurrier, where she was asked for ideas about making coin collecting more attractive to young people. I liked her concept of making entry-level coins "a bit more glamorous" with nicer holders and labels. Robin Danziger of wholesale supplier Educational Coin Company published this note in an email earlier today promoting a product along similar lines - ungraded ancient coins in NGC slabs. -Editor

Ungraded slabbed ancient coins

By far the biggest surprise we have discovered over the last three years is the untapped demand for affordable roman coins in ungraded NGC holders for beginning collectors.

Only a very few of our partners have caught on to this secret. But those few have collectively sold tens of thousands of them so far. We watch their sales and continue to be astonished. They have found it is a great way to introduce ancients to would-be collectors that eventually learn more, became more serious and soon become buyers of bigger ticket ancients from them.

Who are these partners? Another surprise: most were formerly predominant sellers of bullion and U.S. material.

What we offer: In addition to our extensive offerings of high grade ancients, we currently supply dozens of these different low-grade, late-Roman-Empire rulers' bronze coins.

While such coins are not pretty by the standards of serious collectors, all have some reasonable detail. We jaded types are so used to nice coins, we tend to forget that the vast majority of amateur collectors EXPECT a 1700-year-old coin to look beat up, and we know that nothing improves the look of a coin, its presentability, or inspires buyer confidence more than a first class NGC holder.

Let's face it: for better or worse, whatever opinion you might have of "slabs", most American consumers have been trained to love and trust them. Best of all: the coins are guaranteed to be genuine antiquities, accurately attributed...and dirt cheap.

Well stated. This seems well worth doing, particularly for clubs and smaller dealers who won't be promoting common coins as rare, investment-quality purchases. What do readers think? -Editor

To visit the EDC website, see:

To read the earlier E-Sylum article, see:

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Here is the announcement for the August 4, 2021 sale by Archives International Auctions. -Editor


The auction will be held by Archives International Auctions at their offices in River Edge, N.J.

Archives International Sale 69 cover front The August 4th, 2021 auction by Archives International Auctions is highlighted by hundreds of rare and desirable banknotes rarely seen at auction. The Auction 69 catalog will consist of over 900 lots of rare and desirable U.S. & World Banknotes, Scripophily, Coins, Historic Financial Ephemera and Security Printing Ephemera.

“We are striving to offer our clients and friends items of historical and collecting interest that have been off the market for decades or are new to the collecting world, stated Dr. Robert Schwartz, President of Archives International Auctions.Included in the upcoming auction is a wide variety of rare, interesting and desirable numismatic and historical objects curated to enhance the collections of every level of collector and dealer.

Archives sale 69 Lot 166 Honduras - Billette del Tesoro 1889 Rarity
Republic of Honduras, Billette del Tesoro, 1889

The auction will include hundreds of World Banknotes highlighted by dozens of rare notes from various estates and collections. One of the many highlights in the auction features a Republic of Honduras, Billette del Tesoro, 1889, 5 Pesos banknote rarity that is unpriced in the Pick catalog. This is the first issued note we have offered from this rare banknote series. French Colonial issues feature a Guadeloupe, Caisse Centrale, 500 Francs rarity; a French Somaliland, 1952 Tresor Public, 1000 Francs, P-28 in VF condition and a Banque De l'Indochine, 1946, 100 Francs in Gem Uncirculated condition and additional attractive and rare French colonial notes. Also included are hundreds of lots of banknotes with many interesting notes from an old-time dealer's stock as well as items from old estate collections and consignments.

Archives sale 69 Lot 312 1922 Russia State Currency Note 250 Rubles
1922 Russian State Currency Note, 250 Rubles

An exceptional group of Russian banknotes are offered with 11 lots out of the 45 lots in the auction being the highest graded notes for those issues. One of the many Russian highlights includes a 1922, State Currency Note, 250 Rubles,Top Pop highest graded note. We expect considerable interest in this section of the sale. In addition, 14 lots of European coins are to be offered including 11 lots of German coins from the German States issues to the Third Reich issues dated from 1876 to 1939, all silver and the later issues in XF to Uncirculated condition.

Archives Sale 69 Lot 436 Heaths Government Counterfeit Detector a Archives sale 69 Lot 436 Heaths Government Counterfeit Detector b
Heath's Banking & Counting House 1867 Edition counterfeit detector
Archives sale 69 Lot 483 American Colonization of Liberia Exchange and pamphlet
1861 American Colonization Society Bill of Exchange
Archives sale 69 Lot 522 American Freeman Slavery Abolition Newspaper
Stock Certificate of theAmerican Freeman

The U.S. section begins with 8 lots of desirable colonial banknotes and fiscal documents, some signed by notable colonial Dutch and early American notables from the New York and New Jersey colonies. Some of the well-known names include Isaac Vanderbeek, James Bogart; Edward William Kiers, (who testified at the request of George Washington at the court-martial of Joshua Hett Smith, a co-conspirator of Benedict Arnold); and many others. The Colonial section is followed by 21 lots of Obsolete, Confederate, Fractional and type notes. A wide selection of 99 lots of Security Printing Ephemera, Historic Ephemera and U.S. Checks, Drafts and Exchanges is included with many rare and desirable items. Highlights include a Heath's Banking & Counting House 1867 Edition counterfeit detector, Proof vignettes, sample notes, Advertising notes, historic checks, drafts and exchanges as well as many items rarely seen at auction. Highlights include a historic 1861, Bill of Exchange Issued in Monrovia, Liberia by the American Colonization Society Treasury and signed by Stephen A Benson, the second president of Liberia; an 1846, Wisconsin Territory issued and uncancelled stock certificate of theAmerican Freeman, a prominent newspaper for the abolition of slavery.

Archives sale 69 Lot 496 Francis E Spinner Letter from 1868 Additional historic items include a signed Francis E. Spinner letter in his own hand written in 1868 about a widowed mother of a Civil War soldier; an 1823 promissory note signed and issued by Daniel Webster; an 1828 New York City, Comptroller's office payment warrant signed by NY City mayor William Paulding Jr. and Richard Riker whose family owned Riker's island; a 1865 Sunapee Mining Co., I/U stock certificate signed by the 14th President of the U.S., Franklin Pierce; 2 different Poor's Manuals of the Railroads of the U.S., an 1896 and 1900 issue; a historic 1846, Alabama Estate Appraisal listing the names of 17 slaves and additional property of the estate; and dozens of rare and historic ephemera items and documents too numerous to mention.

Archives sale 69 Lot 910 1793 Rancocus Toll-Bridge Stock Cert
1793 Rancocus Toll-Bridge Stock Certificate
Archives sale 69 Lot 738 Great Cariboo Gold Co. Stock
Great Cariboo Gold Co. Stock Certificate
Archives sale 69 Lot 748 Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Co 1837 Stock Cert
1837 Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Co. Stock Certificate

The U.S. and World Scripophily session will include over 380 lots of Automobiles, Railroads, Transportation, Banking and Finance, World, and many other desirable topics of Bonds and Shares with many rarities. Highlights of the scripophily section includes a New Jersey, Rancocus Toll-Bridge, 1793 Issued Stock Certificate signed by Joshua M. Wallace who was a political leader and a delegate to the New Jersey convention that ratified the U.S. constitution; a dramatic South Dakota, 1908 Great Cariboo Gold Co., stock certificate and one of the most visually stunning certificates issued by any company; a dramatic and historic Maryland, 1837, Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Company stock certificate signed by George C. Washington, a congressman and grand-nephew of US. President George Washington; railroads are represented by 120 different bonds and shares representing almost every state and hundreds of other rare and desirable bonds and shares are offered from numerous topics and categories.

Previews will be limited and by appointment only and we will be observing strict safety precautions including the wearing of masks and observing social distancing to protect our team as well as our guests. We will do our best to accommodate anyone who desires additional information and photographs. For questions, please call 201-944-4800 or email

The online catalog for the Wednesday, August 4th , 2021 auction is on Archives International Auctions' website and can be viewed via the Archives International live bidding platform. It can also be viewed as a Virtual Catalog or downloadable Sale 69.pdf on their website. To pre-register for Live Internet Bidding, log on to the Archives International Auctions website, at

Archives International is now working on their Fall 2021 auctions and are seeking quality consignments for future auctions or outright purchase including U.S. and worldwide banknotes, coins, stocks, bonds, stamps, postal history, historic ephemera, and autographs. To sell or consign one piece or an entire collection, please call AIA at (201) 944-4800; or e-mail them at .

You may also write to Archives International Auctions, at 1060 Main Street, River Edge, NJ 07661, U.S.A. To learn more about Archives International Auctions and the auctions planned for August 4th , 2021, log on to

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Here's the press release for the upcoming Stack's Bowers U.S. Currency Auction. Nice material here, too! -Editor

Stack's Bowers Galleries is proud to announce their Official U.S. Currency Auction for the ANA World's Fair of Money, hosted from Griffin Studios, their state-of-the-art auction venue in Costa Mesa, California. The August sale represents the firm's first Showcase Auction of U.S. Currency since their record-setting sale in March, and collectors are sure to greet this summer event with tremendous enthusiasm.

1880 $500 Silver Certificate face

The standout highlight of the sale is a Fr. 345d 1880 $500 Silver Certificate graded PMG Fine 15, which is the only privately available example of the catalog number and has been off the market since its last public auction sale in 2006. This treasure is offered alongside an array of sophisticated collections that include some of the greatest rarities of the Friedberg reference.

1880 $1000 Legal Tender Note face

Part II of the Tarzan Collection features an impressive selection of rare large and small size type notes across the most recognizable design types in the hobby. Among the highlights from this cabinet are a Fr. 187j 1880 $1000 Legal Tender Note graded Very Fine 30 by PMG and a Fr. 2221-E 1934 $5000 Richmond Federal Reserve Note graded AU 58 EPQ by PMG.

New Jersey. March 25, 1776. 6 Shillings face

The Cape May Collection presents an unprecedented selection of Colonial and National Bank Notes of New Jersey, fittingly highlighted by a Cape May $10 1902 Plain Back graded PCGS Banknote Very Fine 25. Other notable rarities include a Boonton $10 1902 Plain Back graded PCGS Banknote Very Fine 30, an Uncut Sheet of four Woodbridge $5 1902 Plain Back notes graded PCGS Banknote About Uncirculated 50, and a March 25, 1776 6 shillings graded PCGS Currency Superb Gem New 67 PPQ.

1901 $10 Legal Tender Note face

An exceptional group of high-end Demand Notes, Legal Tender Notes, and Silver Certificates are offered from the Silver Springs Collection, with such incredible highlights as a Fr. 2 1861 $5 Demand Note graded PMG Extremely Fine 40, a Fr. 119 1901 $10 Legal Tender Note graded PCGS Currency Gem New 66 PPQ, and a Fr. 282 1923 $5 Silver Certificate certified PMG Gem Uncirculated 66 EPQ.

Rawdon, Wright, Hatch and Edson Advertising Sheet American Bank Note Company Presentation Frame

Beyond these cabinets, the Stack's Bowers Galleries Official U.S. Currency Auction offers numerous individual rarities, including:

  • A uniquely styled and exceedingly rare American Bank Note Company presentation frame of Proof notes from Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia-Panama, Ecuador, Greece, Peru, Nova Scotia, and the United States.
  • An incredible solid serial number 9 1995 $10 BEP 12-piece set.
  • An 1865 $50 Interest Bearing Note that is plated in the Friedberg reference.
  • A Fr. 1189a countersigned 1882 $50 Gold Certificate graded PMG Very Fine 30.
  • A Fr. 180 1880 $100 Legal Tender that ranks as the finest of only six known.
  • A magnificent Rawdon, Wright, Hatch and Edson advertising sheet

The entire Stack's Bowers Galleries August 2021 U.S. Currency Auction is currently available on the firm's website for viewing and bidding, featuring high-resolution images, Coins In Motion animations and their user-friendly bidding platform. The Live portions of the August sale will be held from August 16th through the 21st and broadcast in high definition across a number of platforms including their website, Facebook and YouTube. The Internet-Only sessions will take place the next week, August 23rd through 25th. For questions about bidding or to request an in-hand inspection from one of their specialists, please contact their auction services department at 800-458-4646 or e-mail

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Tuesday, July 20, 2021 was not only the anniversary of the first moon landing, it was the night of the latest dinner meeting of my Northern Virginia numismatic social group, Nummis Nova. Mike Packard was our host at a familiar location - The Epositos Restaurant, a nice little Italian place in Fairfax, VA.

I arrived early to spot Tom Kays entering the restaurant. My phone rang and I learned my guest had arrived, too. Elsewhere in the parking lot was CoinWeek editor Charles Morgan. We chatted for a bit and went inside to find Tom and Dave Schenkman already seated at our table. Before long there were ten of us in all - me, Charles, Tom, Dave, Mike, Eric Schena, Jon Radel, Steve Bishop, Julian Leidman and Roger Burdette.

We had a number of exhibits which were passed around the table or placed on a nearby empty table. Among those two big to pass around were a Numismatic Literary Guild scrapbook displayed by Charles, who is that group's new Executive Director as well as an incoming member of the American Numismatic Association Board of Governors. Other large-scale items included two big bank ledgers and Jon Radel's plastic tub full of large bronze Finnish art medals.

Housatonic Bank ledger spine
Housatonic Bank Cash Book (lent by Eric Schena)
Union Bank ledger
Union Bank Ledger (lent by Wayne Homren)

The ledgers had recently been returned to me by the Newman Numismatic Portal after having been scanned. Here are photos I'd taken prior to the meeting. Eric lent to NNP a massive volume which records daily cash transactions for the Housatonic Bank of Stockbridge, MA from September 18, 1862 to September 23, 1864. I lent a volume I purchased in Pittsburgh and believe to be from the Union Bank of Pittsburgh. The ledger records transactions from 1860 to 1871.

Numismatic Ephemera

Morey 1891-10 FPL Numismatic Urn pamphlet cover
In addition to the ledgers I brought along a couple recent additions to my ephemera collection - an 1891 H.E. Morey price list and the pamphlet on Edward Rausch's Numismatic Urn, discussed recently by Dave Hirt. We arranged a trade and I sent him a book from my library in exchange for the ephemera.

To read the complete article, see:
NOTES FROM E-SYLUM READERS: MAY 30, 2021 : Edward Rausch's Numismatic Urn (

Printing Press Medals
Dave Schenkman brought along a nice group of three 1740 medals relating to the 300th anniversary of the invention of the printing press. The eyes on the first one are haunting!

Netherlands-obv Netherlands-rev
Laurens Janzoon Coster medal
Nuremberg-obv Nuremberg-rev
Nuremberg Printing Press medal
Ratisbon-obv Ratisbon-rev
Ratisbon Typesetting Medal

Dave writes:

"All are silver. The one from the Netherlands depicts Laurens Janzoon Coster, who some credit with the invention. Interestingly, the7 in the date on the obverse was cut over a4 and it can easily be seen in the picture. The others are from Germany. About 40 years ago I purchased a small collection of silver medals, mostly German and all in choice uncirculated condition. I sold them, but kept these three just because I thought they were interesting."

More From Dave Schenkman

Van Amburgh-obv Van Amburgh-rev

Dave writes:

"Here's an embossed shell card I recently purchased. Bowers lists it as NY-840, from Brewster's Station, New York in his catalog of these tokens.

"And finally, a note from the Wheeling College Bank, It is the only note from West Virginia listed in the Schingoethe catalog of college currency; this is the note pictured in the catalog."

Wheeling Business College Bank-front
Wheeling Business College Bank-back

Longfellow Plaque

Longfellow Plaque by Flanagan
Steve Bishop showed this great bronze plaque of Longfellow by sculptor John Flanagan.

Rainbow Toned 1887 Morgan Dollar

1887 Morgan PCGS MS64
Steve also brought this Rainbow Toned 1887 Morgan Dollar along with a spectacularly toned 1943-D Mercury dime graded MS 68 FB, and an equally spectacularly toned 1880-S Morgan dollar graded MS 64.

'Til next time.


1946–2021: CELEBRATING 75 YEARS of the RED BOOK. The 75th edition of the Guide Book of United States Coins will release next week, April 7, 2021. Preorder now to reserve your copy—online at , or call 1-800-546-2995.


Larry Korchnak passed along this Smithsonian article about a recent Viking find on the Isle of Man. Thanks. -Editor

Isle of Man Viking Coin Find

In April, retired police officer and metal detecting enthusiast Kath Giles unearthed a Viking-era "piggy bank" filled with 1,000-year-old silver coins, jewelry and other artifacts on Isle of Man, a British dependency located off the northwest coast of England.

The find is Giles' fourth discovery since picking up metal-detecting as a hobby three years ago. She recently made news this February when she unearthed another trove of gold and silver Viking age jewelry.

BBC News reports her latest find contains some 87 silver coins, 13 pieces of metal arm-rings known as "hack silver and several other artifacts. Experts suggest the pieces date between 1000 and 1035 A.D.

“The Northern Mixed hoard is the fourth Viking-Age coin hoard to be found in the Isle of Man in the last fifty years, says Kristin Bornholdt Collins, an American coin expert who helped determine the provenance and age of the pieces, in a Manx National Heritage statement.It may have been added to over time, like a piggybank, accounting for some of the older coins, though for the most part it is a direct reflection of what was circulating in and around Man in the late 1020s [to] 1030 A.D.

Experts suspect the treasure trove was intentionally hidden away for safekeeping. Vikings most likely added money to the so-called "piggy bank" over time, which would explain the presence of older coins in the collection, BBC News reports. Around 1035 A.D., a substantial deposit was added, so the stash mostly showed "a direct reflection of what was circulating in and around [the Isle of] Man in the late 1020s [and] 1030[s A.D.]," notes Bornholdt Collins in the statement.

The latest find features pennies minted on the Isle of Man, Ireland, England and Germany. The Irish and Manx coins depict King Sihtric Silkbeard, the Norse king of Dublin from 989 to 1036 A.D. The English and German coins feature King Aethelred II of England, a Holy Roman emperor named Otto of Saxony, and King Cnut of England, Denmark and Norway, reports Laura Geggel for Live Science.

Isle of Man Viking Coin Find at museum

Manx National curator Alison Fox (left) and treasure-discoverer Kath Giles (right). (Courtesy of Manx National Heritage)

To read the complete article, see:
Amateur Metal-Detectorist Finds Viking ‘Piggy Bank' Filled With 1,000-Year-Old Silver Coins (

Coin of Sihtric Silkbeard

Thanks also to Arthur Shippee, Nick Graver and others for passing this story along. -Editor

To read other articles, see:
Viking Age treasure hoard discovered on the Isle of Man (
Viking 'piggy bank' hoard discovered on Isle of Man (
Another Viking treasure hoard discovered on the Isle of Man (

Archives International Sale 69 cover front


Stack's Bowers Senior Numismatist and Cataloger Jeremy Bostwick published a blog article about a fascinating item in the firm's upcoming sale. Wow! -Editor

Medallic Memento of George William Wyon

Our upcoming Official Auction of the ANA World's Fair of Money will see numerous highlights cross the auction block, including many exciting rarities that seldom present themselves. A perfect example of this is a type last offered as a part of our Frontenac Sale (Bowers and Merena, November 1991). Featuring the normal design for the current (at the time) New Brunswick 20 Cents on the reverse, an incredibly rare obituary "pattern" utilizes a special, rather moving obverse commemorating the life of an engraver who passed away at a far too early age (lot 40099). Reading "G. W. WYON / OBIT / MARCH 27th 1862 / ÆTAT / 26 YEARS" in five lines, this piece poses an intriguing question: why would an issue seemingly commemorative in nature exhibit an ordinary coin type reverse?

George William Wyon was a member of the engraving family well known by collectors of British coins and medals, as well as those under British dominion. This particular Wyon was the son of James Wyon (1804-1868), who became resident engraver in London in 1851 upon the death of his cousin William Wyon (1795-1851). Both George (1834-1862) and his brother Henry (1834-1856) served along with their father, James, as engravers, although both sadly predeceased him. When James retired, it was George who succeeded him as a resident engraver at the mint--a position that he held for just two years (1860-1862) before his untimely death at the age of just 26 (as conveyed on this piece).

According to Bowman, " definite data on the designer or engraver of this reverse appears to exist, but this medalet strongly suggests the name of George William Wyon as the artist." It is quite likely that the design for this New Brunswick 20 Cents was created by George William Wyon, rather than by cousin and fellow engraver Leonard Charles Wyon (1826-1891, son of the aforementioned William Wyon). This would then serve as the basis for the "medal" in question, as the New Brunswick design may have been the final work by George William Wyon before his death in 1862. Therefore, it is a tribute to his craft, and an exceedingly rare and important one at that.

George Bowman knew of just one example of this extraordinary type (the Brushfield Sale, 1945), which he subsequently presented to the Chateau de Ramezay Museum in Montreal. An additional specimen was sold in a New Netherlands Coin Co. sale in 1960, and then again three years later in a Hans M.F. Schulman auction. No other examples have been located in major auctions over the last two decades, during which time some rather important collections of Canadian coinage have crossed the auction block. Here is a desirable piece that conveys the human side of engraving and those behind the designs that we all strive to collect.

To read the complete article, see:
A Rare & Poignant Medallic Memento with a Canadian Connection (

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The Central Bank of the Philippines is considering adding tactile features to its banknotes. -Editor

reading braille The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) is exploring the addition of braille functionality to Philippine banknotes.

The BSP said in a statement on Thursday, July 22, that the introduction of braille in the Philippine currency will benefit as many as 2.5 million visually impaired Filipinos.

Last July 2020, the BSP introduced enhanced tactile marks in bills to aid persons with disabilities (PWDs) in identifying denominations.

The enhanced the New Generation Currency Banknote Series have "short horizontal lines that may be touched and felt at the right side of the following banknotes:

  • P50 bill - 1 pair of lines
  • P100 bill - 2 pairs of lines
  • P200 bill - 3 pairs of lines
  • P500 bill - 4 pairs of lines
  • P1,000 bill - 5 pairs of lines

Braille is also available in all Philippine automated teller machines.

To read the complete article, see:
Bangko Sentral mulls putting braille on money (

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"Zero Euro" notes have become popular fund-raising and awareness-raising items in recent years, but I was not aware of them reaching U.S. soil. Here's an article about a commemorative note produced for an Arizona Rotary chapter. These are nicely done. -Editor

Arizona Rotary Commemorative Banknote Charles Poston

Arizona's founder and first House of Representatives, Delegate Charles D. Poston (1825-1902), would certainly raise his eyes in disbelief to have his portrait used on a banknote 119 years after his death. In his life, Poston already mentioned plans to produce an Arizona banknote. With this Charles D. Poston Banknote, through the initiative of Rotary Scottsdale's former president Richard Signeski, it now is a reality. The Scottsdale Rotary Club, in collaboration with, issues this limited edition Charles D. Poston commemorative banknote as a charity fundraiser. The banknote is a collectible and charity fundraiser, it is not a legal tender.

Richard Signeski: 'As Rotary Scottsdale, we were looking for a special product to illustrate the history of our State and incorporate Rotary's message, resulting in the release of the first Rotary banknote.' Production of the banknote has been made possible by According to Michel Jacobs, CFO of, charity fundraising is one of the many suitable applications for their product.

The banknote is produced at a high-security printing facility and includes the same security features and printing techniques found in Legal Tender banknotes. Including micro text, watermark, security fibers, UV, holographic foil, intaglio printing, embossment, and serial numbering. A closer look reveals the high level of detail used in design and finish. It is rare to see these materials and techniques on a product that is not issued by a government, making this banknote a unique collector's item and the first of its kind on the American market.

Renowned Slovakian artist Rudolf Ciganik made the drawings of Charles D. Poston and Paul Harris. Ciginak's engraved drawings are found on banknotes and postmarks released internationally.'s art director Christian Petermann explains that he chose Ciganik's style best to reflect the character and charisma of both Poston and Harris, with whom the note actually features two American States. Arizona with Poston on its front, and Racine, Wisconsin with Rotary founder Paul Harris on the reverse.

To read the complete article, see:
Rotary Arizona Announces the Issue of its Own Banknote (

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Speaking of fantasy banknotes, here's a nice French-style island note by graphic artist Franck Medina, found in the Currency Banknotes July/August 2021 Newsletter of currency dealer Rick Reed. -Editor


  • Country: Reunion and Mayotte
  • Denomination: 1000 Francs
  • Price: $14.00
  • Catalog #: new
  • Product ID: 21061805
  • Year: 17.5.2021
  • Grade: UNC (uncirculated)
  • Other Info: Another gorgeous French-style island note by French graphic artist Franck Medina.
  • Coloration: Multicolored.
  • Depictions: Beautiful girl at left holding basket of fruit; colorful flower and coastline at center and right on front; drummers on back with more beautiful island scenery behind.
  • Note Size: 5 7/8" x 3 5/8"
  • Watermark: None.
  • Security Features: Foil imprint.

For more information, or to order, see:
Reunion and Mayotte Francs Fun Notes (

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If all those heavy gold coins rattling around in your pockets are weighing you down, check out this handy gold coin carrying case. Thanks to Ken Spindler for passing this along. Neat eBay item. -Editor

Gold coin carrying case

This is an antique 18K Gold Coin Holder Case or Box crafted in 1911, with fascinating engravings and obvious provenance. This case opens and closes perfectly. The dual gold coin slider mechanisms also work perfectly. The precision gold case is 110 years old yet is exceptionally intact and fully functional. A button on top opens the case. Everything appears to be exactly as originally crafted and really cleanly functional as we would all hope to find.

Gold coin carrying case3 This was designed in either Germany or Peru. There is a stamp that reads ".750" indicating the case is 18K gold. A maker mark "MIT" is stamped in the same place on the left coin holder cylinder. There appears to be a symbol of the Freemasons on it as well with a square (right triangle) with another symbol overlapping (see photo - it is tiny).

The information on the piece is as follows: The collector's hand written tag with it states "Eclectic Numismatic Treasure. (the translation of the German in the main engraving says) "As long as gold administers the dose, your step will never be turned to home. Barranco. Nov 26, 1911. The Three Hamburgers". It further states "May be commemorative of (a) South America Trip in 1911. Barranco is an old Lima Peru neighborhood frequented by tourists".

There is a large fancy letter "C" engraved on the front of the case. The inside has dual spring loaded gold cylinders that hold German Gold coins of the era perfectly and enable them to stack and slide out of the front smoothly. The piece came with the 20 Mark German Gold coin dated 1910 and the 10 Mark German Gold Coin dated 1896 that are included and shown. Including the gold fob, the piece measures 2.75" long x 1.125" wide x 0.5" thick. It weighs 1.6 oz.

We have never cleaned or handled it in any way other than gloved exposure for these photos.

Gold coin carrying case2

To read the complete lot description, see:
Very Rare GOLD COINS CASE Exonumia GERMANY Historical PERU Provenance 18K 1911 (

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"Big Coin" sculptures are a real thing, and probably the most famous is the Sudbury "Big Nickel". Last week I saw an article about a similar sculpture in China, but there was no accompanying photo. Amazingly, the sculpture looks like a Mexican coin. So I reached out to E-Sylum reader Adrián González-Salinas for more information. First, an excerpt from the article. -Editor

At the first sight of the huge sculpture of a coin set in Jinggangshan in East China's Jiangxi province, Diego Barroso, a Mexican language teacher based in Shanghai, wonders how the pattern of Latin America occurs on the China-made coins.

The coin, made by the Red Army Mint during the Chinese revolution, was engraved with an eagle carrying a snake in its mouth, standing on a cactus growing between rocks in a lake. On the wings of the eagle is engraved the Chinese character gong, which means workers. The picture is quite similar to the national emblem of Mexico.

To figure out the connection between the two countries represented on the coins, Barroso came to Jinggangshan, the "cradle" of the Chinese revolution.

In 1928, in a bid to consolidate and develop revolutionary bases, forefathers of the Communist Party of China Mao Zedong and Zhu De, with their army, built the Red Army Mint in Jinggangshan, modeling the coins on the Mexican silver dollar.

A professor from the China Executive Leadership Academy in Jinggangshan explained to Barroso why they chose Mexican money.

Wen Shangqing, an expert on the economic history of the CPC, says that, during the late Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and the period before the New China was established in 1949, the Mexican silver dollar was among the most widely used foreign currencies in southern and central China.

As early as colonial times, some well-known silversmiths in Mexico started to make silver coins and molds, some of which circulated to other countries including China, says Javier Ocampo, a Mexican expert in local chronicles study.

"After the Red Army Mint opened, workers used silver and jewelry captured from the enemy to mint coins, on which they engraved the Chinese character gong to represent the government of workers, farmers and soldiers," says Li Haiquan, director of the Red Army Mint Site in Jinggangshan.

Mao emphasized the color and quality of the coins, asking the workers to use fine silver as their raw material, Li says.

The mint soon grew to employ dozens of workers and had the capability of producing more than 400 coins at a time in one stove. It gained wide support and trust from people in the revolutionary bases.

More than 10,000 coins had been made by the mint in the six months since it was put into operation, and the flow of coins reached Jiangxi's counties along provincial boundaries like Yongxin and Suichuan.

After hearing the story about the Mexican silver dollar's significant contribution in Jinggangshan during the Chinese revolution, Ocampo says, "I feel so proud as a Mexican."

To read the complete article, see:
Coin sculpture shows rich Sino-Mexican legacy from revolutionary times (

Adrián writes:

"Last week I watched a YouTube video about this story. I think they are talking about the 1898 Silver $1 Peso with mint = M° (Mexico City). As US Trade Dollars, many 8 Reales and One Peso Silver mexican coins circulated in China with chopmarks. I have attached some pictures and information about the 1898 $1 Silver Mexican and San Francisco, CA. coin"

Jinggangshan Sino-Mexican Coin sculpture

Thank you! Great story. See the complete video, linked below. But note that it was produced by the Xinhua News Agency, the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China. Xinhua. There may be more to the story than is presented here, but the video seems like a reasonable starting point for information.

It begins by describing the Mexican 8 reale coin as a world trade dollar that circulated as far as China. The story shifts to 1928 with an effort by the Communists to create local copies of the Mexican coin to which they added the "gong" character (for "worker"). In their telling of the story, the early coins were of poor quality with a dull sound, and Chairman Mao himself directed the Mint to use the best quality silver and materials. They say about 10,000 gong coins were made, and that the effort led to the establishment of China's Mint. The Director of the Red Army Mint is interviewed.

Museum coin The narrator then travels to the Jin Jiu Fu Coin Museum in Nanchang to hear a woman's tearful story of her parents receiving one of the dollars from soldiers who served with her desceased uncles. The coin is presented as a centerpiece of the museum's collection.

The 1898 coins Adrián mentions were 1949 restrikes from original dies produced at the San Francisco Mint under a contract from Mexico to fulfill an order from China for Mexican pesos "of the old type". Adrián provided an article by A.F. Pradeau from the September 27, 1968 (Vol V, No. 60) issue of Plus Ultra, a publication of the Azteca Numismatic Society. I was unable to convert the scan to text for publication here, but it states that 10,250,000 pieces were struck. The article further notes that during the 1949 American Numismatic Association convention held in San Francisco, visitors toured the Mint and witnessed the striking of some of the coins.

Gong 'Worker' character Jinggangshan Sino-Mexican Coin sculpture closeup gong character on wing

So there are two coins discussed here - the 1928 China-made ones, and the 1949 US-made restrikes. The "Big Coin" shows a "chopmark" on the eagle's wing, and I believe this is the "gong" character, which is in the shape of an "I". Are any of our readers familiar with these coins? Anyone have one in their collection? -Editor

Adrián adds:

"Well, I watched the video again and I could see the reverse (in Mexico, the side of the coin with the eagle is the obverse) of the chinese coin. This is the reverse of the coin.

"I could see the coin has the term "10 Ds 20 Gs" (10 Dineros 20 Granos) in the reverse which means the silver's fineness (= 90.27% Ag) and also, it was an 8 Reales coin. The 8 Reales coins were struck for 14 mexican mints in the period 1824-1897. So, the legend on the reverse would be as: "8 Rs . Mint . Year . Assayer . 10 Ds. 20 Gs", regrettably I can't see the Mint, Year and Assayer.

"The coin restrike in 1949 has the denomination as UN PESO in lieu of 8 R and the silver's fineness as 902,7 instead of 10Ds 20Gs. These Un Peso coins were struck 1898-1909 for only 4 mints.

"Finally and just a curiosity, Mr. Barroso shows a fake coin in the video (there are no 8 Rs or Pesos in Proof)."

1928 Chinese Mexican coin reverse Fake proof Mexican coin
LEFT: Reverse of the museum's coin; RIGHT: the fake proof

To watch the video, see:
GLOBALink | China-Mexico historical ties witnessed by China-made coins (

To read an earlier E-Sylum article, see:


A recent U.S. Mint consumer awareness bulletin outlined key features and recent design enhancements to the American Eagle bullion coins. -Editor


American Eagle Gold obverse features American Eagle Gold reverse features


American Eagle Silver obverse features American Eagle Silver reverse features

To read the complete article, see:


Here are some additional items in the media this week that may be of interest. -Editor

Latent Images on Coins

An article by Daniel Baumbach on the Cosmos of Collectibles site examines latent images on coins. -Editor

"There is hardly another modern minting technique that spread as quickly as latent images. There is a good reason for it: a latent image is not only a possibility to make a coin more interesting, it is also a feature that is considered to be forgery-proof. We explain what a latent image is, how it works and how it found its way onto coins."

To read the complete article, see:
Latent Images on Coins (

2022 International Numismatic Congress in Warsaw

CoinWeek published an article by Anne Zapolska about the 2022 International Numismatic Congress in Warsaw. Here's is some text from the Congress website and a link to the CoinWeek article. -Editor

2022 International Numismatic Congress Warsaw logo The International Congress, which takes place every six years, represents the world renowned event in the field of Numismatics. It is attended by a great number of people and attracts scholars, curators of coin collections, auction houses and auction dealers from the five Continents.

It is organized under the auspices of the International Numismatic Council, founded in 1927to facilitate cooperation between scholars and between institutions in the field of numismatics and related disciplines. In the past the venues have been Paris, Rome, New York – Washington, Bern, London, Bruxelles, Berlin, Madrid, Glasgow and Taormina.

To read the complete article, see:
What You Can Expect From the International Numismatic Congress 2022 in Warsaw (

To visit the International Numismatic Congress website, see:

Fall Toronto Coin Expo Cancelled

Not all coin shows are reopening. An article on the Greysheet site notes that the Fall Toronto Coin Expo has been cancelled. -Editor

Toronto Coin Expo Cancelled The City of Toronto is taking the re-opening phase slowly & cautiously, doing their best to address immediate concerns related the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the current protocols at our Toronto event facility, the Toronto Reference Library is closed to social gathering events for the 2021 season. The in-person Toronto Coin Expo Fall show, scheduled for October 1-2, 2021, will not be held.

The Toronto Coin Expo prides itself on providing a hub for all of our numismatic community. The 2022 shows are scheduled for April 29-30 & September 30-October 1, and we look forward to seeing everyone at the Spring and Fall Coin Expo shows that will accentuate safety, security, and equality as we welcome new and past ven- dors and attendees to the numismatic community.

To read the complete article, see:
Fall Toronto Coin Expo to be Cancelled (

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