The latest issue of the Journal of Early American Numismatics (JEAN) has been published. Editor Chris McDowell shared this summary. Thanks.
Make your favorite beverage, sit in your reclining chair, and indulge in JEAN's semi-annual
serving of numismatic catnip. This issue is brimming with excellent articles, making it difficult
to pick a favorite—they each have attributes that set them apart. However, in this issue, there is
one article that I unabashedly favor,
The Life and Character of Albion Cox, by Gary Trudgen.
While I may have missed one of Gary's past articles, it is safe to say that I have read nearly
everything he has written on colonial numismatics. The Cox article is, in my opinion, the best
monograph he has ever produced. Indeed, it is one of the top ten numismatic articles I have read.
I placed it first in this issue so it is easy to locate. If you don't read anything else, read Gary's
article on Albion Cox, a skilled assayer intimately involved in minting New Jersey coppers and
integral to the production of America's first specie coins at
Ye Olde Mint.
Gary has two articles in this issue. His second offering,
‘Honest Industry' and the Nova Eborac
Coppers, is much shorter but should not be overlooked—good things come in small packages.
Gary has uncovered compelling contemporary documentation relating to John Bailey's workshop
in New York City. I have run out of superlatives for Gary and the corpus of his lifetime of work
on colonial numismatics. I highly recommend both of Gary's articles.
The third article in this issue is exceptional, as well as being particularly timely. A general rule
of numismatics is that as the price of coins and medals increases, many people begin to explore
other areas for intriguing numismatic bargains. This truism has remained constant throughout my
collecting lifetime. My good friend Bruce Smith showed me his collection of sewn, pinned, and
backed colonial notes a half-dozen years ago. Ye Editor was fascinated. At first glance, they
were unimpressive—appearing to be something more akin to an assemblage of damaged notes
than a sophisticated collection—but upon closer examination their pragmatic handiwork and
diversity of backings draws you to a world where good old-fashioned Yankee know-how and
pragmatism extended the longevity of notes through every means possible.
I was particularly
drawn to the backed specimens. Each backed note is a historical time capsule waiting to be
opened. While I was able to dodge the siren song of these numismatic treats and keep from
crashing on the rocks of another series, I began helping Bruce by notifying him when I saw them
on eBay. Initially, they sold for prices reflective of their first blush appearance as torn and
damaged notes, which they technically are. But soon enough, savvy collectors began to take note
of their inner beauty, and the prices started increasing, eventually overtaking the prices for
undamaged notes. My good friend apparently got in on the ground floor of a trend. Timing is
Recently, the Colonial Coin Collectors Club (C4) began having table discussions at our
convention in Baltimore, where colonial coins, medals, and notes are shared and studied (we call
the event a
Happening). Last year the topic of backed notes came up for discussion. I
discovered that more people than I expected were interested in the subject, and there was great
enthusiasm to include backed notes as part of our Happening. While we could not include backed
notes last year, it will be a Happening topic at C4's November 9-11, 2023 convention. Bruce
Smith is the
table captain for this topic. Anyone who is a member of C4 and wants to
participate in this first-ever backed notes Happening should watch C4's website to reserve a seat at the table—come and share your notes and learn from people with a similar interest. With all
that said, I am sure some of you are asking,
What's a backed note? The answer to that question
and why they are the
new thing in colonial numismatics is answered by Joseph Daragan and
Julia Casey in their superb article
Scraps from Yankee Doodle's Wastebasket: A Look Back at
Colonial Currency. I am sure this article will spark even more interest in these items.
JEAN's editors and contributors strive to embrace the essential Spanish colonial coinages into
each of our issues. I am pleased that Philip Ellsworth has contributed an invaluable article on
South American assayers for this issue. As my numismatic interest turns to medals produced in
Central and South America, I have come to a greater appreciation of the importance and
difficulties in researching these Spanish colonial coinage topics. Philip's article is essential for
those interested in learning more about the New World's first mints.
Roger Moore has produced a delightfully offbeat and entirely refreshing article on alcohol in pre-federal America. Although the piece has a numismatic connection, it is designed for readers
interested in the specifics and designs of the money in circulation in early America and also in
the daily lives of those who minted and spent the coins we collect. Like it or not, our ancestors
were heavy drinkers. The history of alcohol is the history of modern man. In eighteenth-century
Europe, drinking water was a risky undertaking. One can only imagine the putrid stench that
hung in the urban air emanating from open sewers draining directly into streets and waterways.
America was different. It was an unspoiled wilderness of fresh flowing streams. Nonetheless, our
forefathers only grudgingly drank water, and then only because they lacked a ready supply of the
good stuff from Europe. The rise of alcohol consumption tracks closely with the rise of
American cities, commerce, and industrialization. But it was not all wassail and toddy. The fact
of the matter is that many of our Revolutionary ancestors spent much of their day in a state of
slight to moderate inebriation. What impact did this have on the production of coins? Roger
helps answer this question in this high-spirited article.
The last, but not least, of our feature articles, comes to us from our good friend Jeff Rock. This is
the conclusion of his series on Auctori Plebis tokens. Jeff brings the topic to a close with a bang.
JEAN exists to publish articles like this. Numerous numismatic themes are unsuitable for a book,
too complex for a short C4 Newsletter article, and too long for placement in other numismatic
periodicals. If it were not for JEAN, these articles would go unpublished, unexplored, and perish.
I am pleased to preserve Jeff's wisdom for posterity on these pages. Our readers love Jeff's
writing style, and his many followers will not be disappointed with this piece, which corrects
generations of errors and finally and conclusively resolves the mysteries behind these tokens.
There is no doubt that Jeff's articles on the Auctori Plebis series shall be THE seminal work in
this area for generations.
JEAN has published book reviews in the past, and we plan to make them a regular feature. This
issue concludes with a review prepared by Dr. Jesse Kraft, a man of great discernment,
outstanding taste, and trusted numismatic wisdom.
We are living in the Golden Age of colonial numismatic research and writing. Future generations
will look back on us with envy and wonder. We have yet to reach the apex of what is possible.
The Life and Character of Albion Cox
Gary A. Trudgen
Honest Industry and the Nova Eborac Coppers
Gary A. Trudgen
Scraps from Yankee Doodle's Wastebasket:
A Look Back at Colonial Currency
Joseph Daragan and Julia Casey
The First Spanish Colonial Assayers in South America
Philip C. Ellsworth
Alcohol in Pre-Federal America:
A Cause for Minting and Printing Errors?
Roger A. Moore
The Mysterious Auctori Plebis Tokens, Part Two:
The Evasion Coppers
The Early Betts Medal Companion: Medals of America's
Discovery and Colonization (1492–1737)
(Christopher R. McDowell)
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